عنوان مقاله [English]
The proof of seddiqin is the title of the proof in which the essence of the necessary existence is proved regardless of the specific being of the beings in the system of existence. Ibn Sina first chose this title for the new interpretation of the proof that Fārābi had previously given. This proof is the best and most concise philosophical and intellectual one presented to prove the essence of God. In this proof, with reliance on the existence itself, the Necessary Being is proved, so that none of the Divine actions, such as movement and occurrence, are taken as the middle term. Mullā Ṣadrā presented this proof in a different way, considering the flaws in that of Ibn Sina. After that, Sabziwārī, due to the many preliminaries that were stated in Mullā Ṣadrā's, tried to express the proof in a different way. He has presented three expressions of the proof, some of which are based on logical impossibility of vicious circle and unending chain of causes and the causeds, and some of them are shorter than Mullā Ṣadrā`s proof and less preliminaries have been used in it. After expressing Sabziwarī's different expressions, the author tries to analyze and examine them.