عنوان مقاله [English]
The fate of humans after death holds paramount significance, resonating deeply in both religious doctrines and philosophical discourse. Its intertwining with the concept of bodily resurrection adds to its importance. There are diverse perspectives regarding the nature of human postmortem existence, with some asserting the presence of a corporeal form in the afterlife. Advocates of this stance include Mullā Ṣadrā and Shaykh Aḥmad al-Aḥsāʾī. Employing a content analysis method using library data, this research conducts a comparative study of the works of Mullā Ṣadrā and al-Aḥsāʾī. Drawing upon his philosophical principles, such as the primacy of existence, individuation of existence, substantial movement, and soul-body relationship, Mullā Ṣadrā endeavors to furnish a plausible philosophical account of the nature of the human postmortem body. On the other hand, al-Aḥsāʾī posits a four-layered body for humans, utilizing the framework of multiple worlds and degrees that culminate in descending and ascending journeys. While both Mullā Ṣadrā and al-Aḥsāʾī affirm the presence of a body in the afterlife, they diverge in their explanations of its nature. Furthermore, both perspectives offer distinct interpretations of the afterlife body's identity in relation to the earthly body.