عنوان مقاله [English]
Ibn ʿArabi and his commentators opened a new way of explaining difficult theological and mystical categories by developing the mystical concept of "archetypes". For example, Muḥammad Jaʿfar Lāhījī, an Iranian mystic of the 13th century AH, tried to analyze the role of determinism and free will in human happiness and misery with the help of the teachings of archetypes. This research, with a descriptive-analytical method, shows that archetypes have some clues which may lead one to solve some of the most important theological problems. Lāhījī, relying on the category of "capacity of individuals" and the principle of "subordinate state of the existent objects with regard to their archetypes", may explain such topics as "God's prior knowledge before the creation of man", "the quality of the emergence of human objects and actions based on the archetypes` capacity, the concept of "inherent happiness and misery of human beings" and "the relationship between archetypes and human perfection and guidance". Based on this inference, the degree of individual`s determinism and free will and other related issues should be measured by the capacity of the archetype and in fact, it is the archetype that determines the boundaries of human action and the path of transcendence.