عنوان مقاله [English]
The burhāni ṣiddīqīn, the proof of ṣiddīqīn, is one of the most important proofs of the existence of God. Various interpretations of this argument have been made from the time of Fārābī and Ibn Sīnā to the present day. Mullā Hādī Sabziwārī is one of the commentators of Ṣadrā's thought and sometimes among its critics who tries to open a new way in ilāhiyyāt bi`l ma`n al-akhaṣṣ, theology in its narrowest sense, by proposing four manners of expression for the proof. The purpose of this article is to re-read these manners of explanation to measure them. On the other hand, contemporary philosophers, such as Abdullāh Javādī Āmulī and Muḥammad Taqī Misbāh Yazdī, have also criticized these arguments while quoting them. In this article, we try to explain and analyze these critiques with a descriptive analytical method. As explained in the article, only in two explanations Sabziwārī has taken a step toward the proof on the basis of originality and simplicity of existence, and the step is also a case of objection. That is, both aforementioned bases are theoretical issues and need to be proven, and using such doubtful bases reduces the strength of the proof.